Cardiology

Can Angioplasty be performed in other Arteries?

Balloon Angioplasty has expanded the scope of treatment from patients of Coronary Artery Disease to those suffering from blockages in the other arteries of the body. The procedure is being increasingly used to open blockages in the Carotid artery, Renal artery and other Peripheral arteries.

 

DIETARY GUIDELINES for patients with Coronary Artery Disease?

Coronary artery disease (CAD) involves the arteries that supply blood to the heart and leads to development of blocks in these vessels which are very small in size (the largest ones being 3 mm in sizes). Despite their small size, these arteries are the primary source of blood supply to the heart, and if they get blocked completely, patients may develop fatal heart attacks.

CAD commonly affects people with some risk factors like,
– High Blood Pressure (Hypertension)
– Diabetes Mellitus
– High Blood Cholesterol
– Smoking
– Eating Fatty foods
– Sedentary Lifestyle
– Stress
– Family History

If you or your family members have been diagnosed to have CAD, there are some lifestyle changes that need to be adopted immediately and need to be carried on for a life time. Even if you have not had CAD, but are at risk of these factors then certain changes in your life style will help you live long and remain fit with a healthy heart.

 

Do you what is a Stent?

A stent is an expandable mesh tube of a special metal which is designed into a cylindrical wave pattern. The shape and material of the stent offer flexibility for a balloon to adapt to the shape and curves of the artery.

A Stent is implanted to support the artery and keep the vessel open like a structural frame work. It is introduced into your artery just after balloon Angioplasty and is positioned at the site of the obstruction. Implantation of a stent benefits those patients who have a potential for future problems such as block recurrence or restenosis. The stent is implanted permanently in the artery.

Best Stent Treatment at MaxCure Hospitals Hyderabad

Best Stent treatment done at maxcure hospitals in india Hyderabad

Best Stent Implanted in the vessel at maxcure hospitals India

What happens after the Angioplasty Procedure?

After the Angioplasty procedure, patients are taken to an Intensive care unit with special monitoring equipment. Blood pressure, pulse monitoring and ECGs are performed routinely after Angioplasty procedures and do not signify any special problems. If a patient experiences any chest discomfort or pressure, the nurse should be notified immediately

Recovery in the hospital is most likely a matter of allowing the insertion site to heal before getting up and walking around. Most patients are required to hold their leg or arm straight and still for the first six to eight hours. You may be required to stay in the Hospital for 3-5 days before being discharged to the care of your family doctor. You can resume full activity within a few days of returning home.

Angioplasty is not a cure, but a treatment to reduce the affects of Coronary Artery Disease. It is extremely important to follow your medication regimen without any deviation. Another element for quick recovery involves accommodating lifestyle changes to improve their health and minimise the impact of their heart disease. Several factors are known to contribute to the build up of plaque in the coronary arteries. It is the combination of several of these risk factors, rather than a single factor, that impacts coronary artery disease.

Some of these risk factors such as male sex, age and heredity can only be attended but cannot be changed. However, other factors that can be controlled include:

  • High Blood Pressure
  • Smoking
  • High Blood Cholesterol
  • Body Weight
  • Diabetes
  • Lack of Proper Exercise
  • Stress

What is Coronary Artery Disease?

The heart is a powerful muscular organ requiring adequate supply of oxygen to function efficiently. Oxygen-rich blood is carried to the heart through three arteries that branch into a network of smaller vessels.

Best Heart Treatment done at MaxCure Hospitals Hyderabad India

Coronary Artery Disease affects the blood vessels (arteries) on the surface of the heart. These arteries bring blood (rich with oxygen and nutrients) to the heart.

Ageing and other complex factors cause these ordinarily soft and compliant blood vessels to harden. In addition, fat, cholesterol and minerals from the blood are deposited on the inner surface of the coronary arteries. When this
material builds up, it forms a plaque that may restrict the blood flow through the coronary artery. Such plaque may also change the surface of the artery from smooth to rough, and these rough surfaces may stimulate the formation of a blood clot, which may slowly build up and narrow the artery even more. A blood clot can also build up quickly and abruptly close off the artery.

How is Angioplasty performed?

Patients who have undergone an Angiogram will find Angioplasty procedure almost similar. Angioplasty is also performed in a Cardiac Cath lab. Patients usually receive medication before and during angioplasty procedure to help them relax. You are awake and alert throughout the procedure and are required to respond to the doctors requests during the procedure.

Angioplasty begins by inserting a sheath for the catheter into a blood vessel, most often in the upper leg or groin area, but sometimes in the arm.

A very small balloon catheter is passed through the sheath and into the blood vessel leading to the coronary arteries.

Balloon Cartheter angioplasty at maxcure hospitals hyderabad india

With the help of the X-ray, the Cardiologist follows the path of the catheter on the fluoroscope. Pictures may be taken just like in an angiogram.

Once the balloon is at the narrowing of the artery, the balloon is centered, it is then inflated to open the blockage.

Balloon catheter blockages treatment at maxcure hospitals hyderabad india

balloon treatment hyderabad india

While every situation is unique, inflation in most cases will last from 30 seconds to several minutes, depending on the nature of the blockage. The balloon is inflated at least two times. However, it may also be inflated to ten or more times.

While the balloon is inflated, some people experience chest pain that is similar to the angina they have experienced. This happens because the balloon temporarily blocks off the flow of blood and the oxygen that it carries to the heart. Patients should report any pain they feel during the procedure to the Doctor. After the block is opened, the balloon is deflated and retracted back through the blood vessel.

best Angioplasty done at MaxCure Hospitals Hyderabad India

 

 

What is Coronary Artery Disease?

The heart is a powerful muscular organ requiring adequate supply of oxygen to function efficiently. Oxygen-rich blood is carried to the heart through three arteries that branch into a network of smaller vessels.

Best Heart Treatment done at MaxCure Hospitals Hyderabad India

Coronary Artery Disease affects the blood vessels (arteries) on the surface of the heart. These arteries bring blood (rich with oxygen and nutrients) to the heart.
Ageing and other complex factors cause these ordinarily soft and compliant blood vessels to harden. In addition, fat, cholesterol and minerals from the blood are deposited on the inner surface of the coronary arteries. When this material builds up, it forms a plaque that may restrict the blood flow through the coronary artery. Such plaque may also change the surface of the artery from smooth to rough, and these rough surfaces may stimulate the formation of a blood clot, which may slowly build up and narrow the artery even more. A blood clot can also uild up quickly and abruptly close off the artery.

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